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自考英语二教材英文翻译第十二课:Text B

来源:福建自考网 发表时间:2020-09-19 14:09

Text B Self-Esteem and Body Image

I'm fat. I'm too skinny. I'd be happy if I were taller, shorter, had curly hair, straight hair, a smaller nose, bigger muscles, longer legs.

自尊和自身形象

我很胖。我太瘦了。要是我能再高一点我就开心了。要是我能再矮一点我就开心了。要是我是卷发我就开心了。要是我是直发我就开心了。要是我的鼻子能再小一点我就开心了。要是我的肌肉能再发达点我就开心了。要是我的腿能再长点我就开心了。

Do any of these statements sound familiar?(承上句) Are you used to putting yourself down(贬低;使出丑)? If so, you're not alone. As a teen, you're going through a ton of(大量的)changes in your body. And as your body changes, so does your image of yourself. Lots of people have trouble adjusting, and this can affect their self-esteem.

这些表述听起来熟悉吗?你经常贬损自己吗?如果是,那也不是你一个人这么做。十几岁的时候,你的身体会经历大量的变化。你的身体改变了,你的个人形象也改变了。很多人都很难调整适应这些变化,这就会影响到他们的自尊。

Why Are Self-Esteem and Body Image Important?

Self-esteem is all about how much people value themselves, the pride they feel in themselves, and how worthwhile(=worthy) they feel. Self-esteem is important because feeling good about yourself can affect how you act. A person who has high self-esteem will make friends easily, is more in control of his or her behavior, and will enjoy life more.

为什么自尊和自身形象这么重要?

自尊就是关于人们如何评价自己,他们对自己的自豪感以及他们觉得自己的重要程度。自尊非常重要,因为自我感觉是否良好会影响到你的行为。自尊心强的人交朋友会比较容易,更能控制自己的行为,也更会享受生活。

Body image is how someone feels about his or her own physical appearance. For many people, especially those in their early teens, body image can be closely linked to self-esteem. That's because as kids develop into teens, they care more about how others see them.(承上句)

自身形象就是一个人对自己的外表感觉如何。对很多人来说,尤其是刚十几岁的时候,自身形象和自尊心的关系紧密,这是因为随着孩子们步入青春期,他们会更在意别人怎么看他们。

What Influences a Person's Self-Esteem?

Puberty(青春期)

Some teens struggle with their self-esteem when they begin puberty because the body goes through many changes. These changes, combined with a natural desire to feel accepted, mean it can be tempting for people to compare themselves with others. They may compare themselves with the people around them or with actors and celebs they see on TV, in movies, or in magazines.

什么会影响一个人的自尊?

青春期

一些十几岁的孩子会在青春期开始时在自尊这个问题上比较纠结,这是由于他们的身体经历着许多变化造成的。身体上的变化,加上希望得到认可的内在渴望意味着他们会很难不把自己和其他人比较。他们可能会把自己和身边的人比较,也可能会和在电视上、电影里或是杂志上看到的演员或名人来比较。

But it's impossible to measure ourselves against(对照…评价;同…较量) others because the changes that come with puberty are different for everyone.(承上启下句、主题句)Some people start developing early; others are late bloomers(成熟者). Some get a temporary layer of fat to prepare for a growth spurt(急剧增长); others fill out(长胖) permanently, and still others feel like(感觉象是;摸起来如同;想要) they stay skinny no matter how much they eat. It all depends on how our genes have programmed(规划) our bodies to act.(承上总结句)

但是把我们和其他人作比较是不可能的,因为在青春期的变化每个人都是不尽相同的。有些人会成熟得早,有些人成熟得晚。有些人可能因为生长发育会暂时发福,有些人可能一直都会很胖,还有一些人不管吃多少都会很纤瘦。这完全取决于我们的基因怎么样控制我们的身体去变化。

The changes that come with puberty can affect how both girls and guys feel about themselves. Some girls may feel uncomfortable or embarrassed about their maturing bodies. Others may wish that they were developing faster. Girls may feet pressure to be thin but guys may feel like they don't look big or muscular enough.

青春期里这样的变化会影响女孩和男孩对他们自己的看法。有些女孩可能会因为发育得快而觉得不舒服或者尴尬。还有人可能还希望他们能发育得更快一点。女孩们可能在保持纤瘦方面感到有压力,男孩们可能会担心他们看起来不够高大或者强壮。

Outside Influences

It's not just development that affects self-esteem, though. Many other factors (like media images of skinny girls and bulked-up身材魁梧的 guys) can affect a person's body image too.

外界影响

并不是只有发育会影响他们的自尊心。许多其他的因素也能影响个人的自身形象,比如媒体中纤瘦的女孩们或是身材魁梧的男孩们的形象。

Family life can sometimes influence self-esteem. Some parents spend more time criticizing their kids and the way they look than praising them, which can reduce kids' ability to develop good self-esteem.

家庭生活有时也会影响自尊心。有些家长批评他们的孩子的行为和外表的时间比表扬他们的时间还要多,这样也会削减孩子们培养良好的自尊心的能力。

People also may experience negative comments and hurtful teasing(取笑) about the way they look from classmates and peers. Sometimes racial and ethnic prejudice is the source of such comments. Although these often come from ignorance, sometimes they can affect someone's body image and self-esteem.

在外表这个问题上,人们还可能会遭受同学或是同龄人的负面评论或是恶意嘲讽。有时候,这样的评论也来源于种族或民族歧视。尽管这些评论通常都源于无知,但有时它们还是会影响一个人的自身形象和自尊心。

Healthy Self-Esteem

If you have a positive body image, you probably like and accept yourself the way you are. This healthy attitude allows you to explore other aspects of growing up, such as developing good friendships, growing more independent from your parents, and challenging yourself physically and mentally. Developing these parts of yourself can help boost your self-esteem.

健康的自尊心

如果你有积极向上的自身形象,那么你可能会喜欢并接受你自己自然的样子。这种健康的态度让你探索成长过程中的其他方面,比如建立良好的友谊,更加独立于父母,或是在身体和精神上挑战自己。发掘你自身这些方面能够帮助你增强自尊心。

A positive, optimistic attitude can help people develop strong self-esteem. For example, saying, "Hey, I'm human" instead of "Wow, I'm such a loser" when you've made a mistake, or not blaming others when things don't go as expected.

积极乐观的态度能够帮助人们建立强烈的自尊心。例如,当犯错误的时候说“嘿,我只是个普通人”而不是“糟糕,我是个失败者”,或是当事情无法如愿发展的情况下不去责怪别人。

Knowing what makes you happy and how to meet your goals can help you feel capable, strong, and in control of your life. A positive attitude and a healthy lifestyle (such as exercising and eating right) are a great combination for building good self-esteem.

知道什么能让自己开心并且怎样去实现目标能让你感到更有能力,更坚强,更能把握自己的生活。积极的态度和健康的生活方式(比如运动和合理饮食)是建立良好自尊的最佳组合。

Tips for Improving Your Body Image

Some people think they need to change how they look or act to feel good about themselves. But actually all you need to do is change the way you see your body and how you think about yourself.

提升自身形象的建议

有些人认为,他们需要改变自身的外表或是做事情的方式来让自己感觉良好。但是其实你需要做的只是改变你看待自己的身体的方式以及你对自己的看法。

The first thing to do is recognize that your body is your own, no matter what shape, size, or color it comes in. If you're very worried about your weight or size, check with your doctor to verify that things are OK. But it's no one's business but your own what your body is like. Ultimately, you have to be happy with yourself.

第一件事就是认识到,不管你胖瘦、高矮或是肤色,你的身体都是你自己的。如果你非常担心你的体重或者身高,找医生检查一下是不是一切都正常。但是你的身体怎么样是你自己的事,和别人无关。最终,你还是要对自己感到满意。

Next, identify which aspects of your appearance you can realistically change and which you can't. Everyone (even the most perfect-seeming celeb) has things about themselves that they can't change and need to accept, like their height, for example, or their shoe size.

第二件事,确认一下你外表的哪些方面可以改变,哪些你不能改变。每个人(即使是看起来最完美的社会名人)都会有他不能改变而必须接受的东西,就像身高或是鞋子的尺码。

If there are things about yourself that you want to change and can (such as how fit you are), do this by making goals for yourself. For example, if you want to get fit, make a plan to exercise every day and eat nutritious foods. Then keep track of your progress until you reach your goal. Meeting a challenge you set for yourself is a great way to boost self-esteem!

如果有些事情你想改变并且能够改变(比如身体的健康程度),那么就给自己制定一些目标。例如,如果你想变得健康,那么就制定一个计划,每天锻炼并且吃有营养的食物。然后掌握你的进步状况直到达到你的目标。达到自己设定的挑战是增强自尊心的一个好办法!

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