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自考模拟题:2021年4月自考《英语二》考前试题和答案(11)

来源:福建自考网 发表时间:2021-02-23 16:58

Migrant Workers

In the past twenty years, there has been an increasing tendency for workers to move from one country to another. While some countries have ____1____(restrict) most jobs to local people,others have attracted and welcomed migrant workers. This is particularly the case in the Middle East, where increased oil incomes have __2___ (able) many countries to call in outsiders to improve local facilities. Thus the Middle East has attracted oil-____3___ (work) from the U. S. A. and Europe. It has brought in workers from many countries,___ 4___( include) South Korea and Japan.

In view of the difficult living and working conditions in the Middle East, it is not __5 __(surprise) that the pay is high to attract suitable workers. Many engineers and technicians can earn at least twice as much money in the Middle East as they can in their own country,and this is a major __6___ (attract).

Sometimes a disadvantage has a compensating advantage. For example, the difficult living conditions often lead to __7___ ( increase) friendship when workers have to depend on each other for __8__ (safe) and comfort. In a similar way,many migrant workers can save large sums of money __9 ___(part) because of the lack of entertainment facilities. The work is often complex and full of problems but this __10____ (mere) takes greater challenge to engineers who prefer to find solutions to problems rather than do routine work in their home country.

Friendship

Friends play an important part in our lives, and although we may take the fact of friendship for granted, we often don't clearly understand how we make friends. While we get on well with a number of people,we are usually friends with only a very few—for example,the average among students is about 6 per person.

Moreover,a great many relationships come under the blanket term 'friendship'. In all cases, two people like each other and enjoy being together, but beyond that, the degree of intimacy between them and the reasons for their mutual interest vary enormously.

Initially, much depends on how people meet, and on favourable first impressions. As we get to know people, we take into account things like age, race, physical attractiveness, economic and social status,and intelligence. Although these factors are not of prime importance, it is more difficult to relate to people when there is a marked difference in age and back ground.

On a more immediate level, we are sensitive to actual behaviour, facial expression, and tone of voice. Friends will stand closer together and will spend more time looking at each other than mere acquaintances. Smiles and soft voices also express friendliness, and it is because they may transmit the wrong signals that shy people often have difficulty in making friends. A friendly gaze with the wrong facial expression can turn into an aggressive stare, and nervousness may be misread as hostility. People who do not look one in the eye are mistrusted when, in fact, they simply lack confidence.

Some relationships thrive on argument and discussion, but it is usual for close friends to have similar ideas and beliefs, to have attitudes and interests in common-they often talk about 'being on the same wavelength'. It generally takes time to reach this point;sometimes people 'click' immediately. The more intimately involved people become, the more they rely on one another. People want to do friends favours and hate to let them down. Equally, friends have to learn to make allowances for each other,to put up with irritating habits,and to tolerate differences of opinion. Imagine going camping with someone you occasionally meet for a drink!

In contrast with marriage, there are no friendship ceremonies, no rituals to strengthen the association between two people. But the mutual support and understanding that results from shared experiences and emotions does seem to create a powerful bond, which can overcome differences in background, and break down barriers of age, class or race.

The average student has about six friends. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

Two people can be considered friends so long as they care for each other and like being together. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

Favourable first impressions count for a lot in making friends. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

Friends usually belong to the same race. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

Only smiles can express friendliness. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

Shy people tend to misinterpret other people's facial expressions. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

In all cases, close friends have similar beliefs and interests. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

The degree of intimacy between friends is largely determined by their social status. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned

There are apparently no bonds between friends as there are between husband and wife. ()。

A.Right

B.Wrong

C.Not mentioned p>

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